Easy tips for planting blackberries when home vegetable gardening can ensure success.
Learn when and how to plant, care for, and harvest blackberries grown in a backyard garden.
This delicious berry is great for eating fresh, is easily frozen for winter use, and of course makes great jelly, pie, and cobbler for your family to enjoy.
After sowing blackberries in fall, springtime, or during mild winters, they reach their peak in June, July, and August.
The plants require full sun in colder climates but also need some shade in hotter regions.
Make sure to plant the bushes where they have room to roam.
It is recommended to transplant one year old plants since it takes two years for bearing fruit.
Avoid growing Blackberries near Black Walnut Trees
Blackberries suffer stunted growth, wilting, or even death if they come in contact with black walnut roots.
When deciding on a location for planting blackberries, allelopathic reactions occur within a circle one and a half times the distance from the trunk of the black walnut to the outermost branches.
The tree suppresses neighboring plants by releasing into the environment a substance that inhibits the growth of potential competitors.
Avoid planting blackberries where any plants of the nightshade family, which are peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant, have been grown within the last couple of years.
These crops can transmit verticillium wilt to blackberry plants.
If the leaves of your blackberry plants become dwarfed and twisted, and a white powdery fungus develops on the undersides of leaves, they have the plant disease called "powdery mildew".Prune and destroy the infected parts.
To combat powdery mildew, apply a 95 percent wettable sulfur fungicide every 7 to 10 days until systems disappear or until a month before harvesting begins.
Thin plants to let in sun and air.
Disinfect your pruning tool in a bleach solution of one part household bleach to four parts water after each cut.
The best remedy is to plant disease resistant plants. For example, varieties such as Boysen, Ebony King, Eldorado, Lawton, Orange, Evergreen, Russell, and Snyder are resistant to orange rust disease.
Yellow dots on both sides of leaves indicate this plant disease.
Several weeks later, light colored areas develop on the undersides of leaves.
Then the surface of the leaves rupture, exposing large, bright orange-red powdery masses of spores.
Dig up infected plants and destroy them. For prevention, follow good fall cleanup practices and remove any wild berries growing nearby.
One way to keep birds away from devouring all of your delectable berries is to plant borders of chokecherries, dogwood, mountain ash, mulberries, or other very aromatic types of fruit nearby.
Birds seem to prefer eating them, and may leave your blackberries alone!
The most enjoyable part of planting blackberries is harvesting the fruit.
If any berries make it into the bucket instead of your mouth, you can expect a yield of 1 ½ to 2 quarts per plant!