The best tips for growing Brussel sprouts when home vegetable gardening.
Learn how to plant, grow, care for, and harvest Brussels sprouts in a backyard vegetable garden for best results.
A member of the brassica family of vegetables, these high-yield, fast-growing vegetables are not only nutritious, but ornamental as well.
Their cousins include broccoli, cabbage, turnip, kale, and the hardy mustard plant.
In northern gardens, growing Brussel sprouts, (known as Brussels sprouts) begins in the last week of June.
Plant crops in the nursery bed where they will be protected but still benefit from fresh air and sunshine.
Sow the seeds one inch apart so they will not be crowded if they have to wait an extra week or two before setting them in the garden in July.
Set the seedlings in at 18 inch intervals in rows 3 feet apart.
Eventually, the plants will need every bit of this space.
For now, there is room to inter-plant a few seedlings of bolt resistant lettuce in the rows of growing Brussels sprouts.
Long Island Improved is ready for harvest in 90 days. High yields make this variety a favorite growing Brussels sprouts choice. The dark green sprouts resemble miniature cabbages when mature.
Jade Cross Hybrid also comes highly recommended by avid gardeners.
As a member of the cabbage family, growing Brussels sprouts are threatened by a variety of pests and diseases.
When you set the seedlings, give each plant a maggot mat.
Water the plants with a water and foliar fertilizer mix.
Young plants are bothered by cutworms, flea beetles, aphids, cabbage loopers, cabbage maggots, harlequin bugs, imported cabbage worms, and leaf miners.
Plant diseases to be on the lookout for are black rot, clubroot, downy mildew, and yellows.
Use careful plant rotations each year to avoid soil-borne disease problems.
Spray the foliage with insecticide at 7 to 10 day intervals to protect the growing Brussels sprouts from the imported cabbageworm caterpillar.
These precautions may be time consuming but they are well worth it to prevent the insects from getting the first bite out of your crops instead of you!
The plants snuggled safely in their beds will begin their long harvest season in September.